Activ4Pets Blog – For all Petkind

March 13, 2018

What happens during Vitamin D deficiency in pets


Rickets, also known an Osteomalacia, is a disease of the bones that affects young, rapidly growing dogs. It is mainly caused by dietary deficiency of Vitamin D, Calcium, or Phosphorus. Some diets may cause an abnormal Calcium / Phosphorus ratio. Therefore, this nutritional imbalance can lead to a condition known as Nutritional Hyperparathyroidism. Another consideration is improper functioning of the parathyroid glands, located in the neck, which regulate the Calcium and Phosphorus balance in a dog’s body. If not functioning properly the parathyroid glands can increase the extraction of minerals from bones (and, in turn, enhance excretion) thus making them susceptible the disease.

Although it is not a life-threatening disease in dogs, it causes bones to become weak, brittle and susceptible to fracture, if ignored.

Clinical signs:

  • Bowing or bending of legs, especially the forelimbs
  • Stiff gait
  • Reluctance to move or lameness seen due to pain
  • Difficulty rising followinglong periods of rest
  • Stunted growth
  • Pain on palpation of affected limbs
  • In chronic cases, fractures are noticed


Diagnosis and Treatment:

If you observe any kind of bone tilting, posture abnormality or difficulty in walking then you should consult with your family vet for further investigation. He will perform x-rays and serum chemistry profiles (alkaline phosphatase, vitamin D, calcium and phosphorous) to see alterations in bone and blood, respectively. Decreased calcium levels are seen in later stages.

To cure rickets, a correct diet plan will be formulated by your vet concentrating on calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. If homemade diets are deficient in these, either vitamin / mineral supplements, or commercial feed will be prescribed to make up for the deficiency. Kindly follow the instructions provided by your vet.

Aside from diet, exposure to sunlight will increase production of vitamin D in the body, so be sure to exercise your dog outside the house regularly.


  • Growing pups should be fed balanced diets; take advicefrom a vet rather than experimenting with different dog feeds.


  • Take your pup out to playduring daylight hours.


  • If your female dog is pregnant, follow your vet’sdiet recommendations so that young pups born are healthy and not prone to developing



Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya

March 13, 2018

Do you know about VACCINE REACTIONS in pets

Regular vaccinations provide protection against some of the more common and dangerous diseases, and act as a safety cover for your furry friends. But in some rare instances your pet may develop vaccine reactions which can, understandably, be worrisome for pet parents. Rest assured. For the vast majority of cases there is no need to panic!! Here are the four most common vaccine reactions noticed in cats and dogs:


  1. Lethargy

This is one of the most common reaction noticed post immunization where your pets may look dull and sluggish. Sometimes they may also develop a low grade fever followed by anorexia (a decrease in appetite). If you notice this kind of reaction in your pets, do not panic, but take note. Most pets will return to normal within a day. But if appetite does not return to normal you may need to call your veterinary clinic for advice.


  1. Swelling at injection site:

This is seen in quite a few pets post vaccination, where a soft or firm swelling develops (known as a granuloma). The granuloma should regress gradually after a few days. But, if the granuloma grows bigger instead of reducing, or is painful, then you should consult a your veterinarian.


Do you know about VACCINE REACTIONS in pets



3. Runny nose and sneezes:

These reactions are mostly caused by vaccines sprayed in the nose. The most commonly used intranasal vaccines are Bordetella Bronchiseptica and parainfluenza virus for dogs and Feline Rhinotracheitis (Herpesvirus) and Calicivirus for cats. Common reactions to intranasal vaccines in pets include sneezing, coughing. These should subside within a few days, however.


4. Post vaccination Urticaria:

This is very common with certain vaccinations. This condition is commonly known as Hives. Multiple soft swellings on the body, swelling of the lips and eyebrow are obviously visible. If noted, you should call your veterinarian’s office immediately.


Note: It is important to remember that for the vast majority of pets, vaccination will not result in a significant adverse reaction but will protect against potentially serious diseases. If your pet is undergoing vaccine reactions which do not resolve on their own, then you need to talk to your veterinarian.



Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya



March 13, 2018

Do You Know Why Your Pet Is Restless

Sometimes it is hard to figure out why pets behave out of the ordinary and equally it can be tough for pet parents to handle restless behaviour. But if one is aware of the underlying trouble causing such behavioral changes, then a solution can be found accordingly. So to help ease your problem here are five conditions which make your pet restless and uncomfortable:

  1. Pain and irritation: if your furry friend is experiencingpain due to wounds on the body, internal injury, ear infection, temporary blindness, fractures due to an accident, or organ dysfunction then he or she may exhibit behavioral changes like skipping meals, restlessness (staying awake at night), frequent barking and chewing on his paws or skin. If you notice any of these signs it’s worth consulting with your family


  1. Separation anxiety: pets have stronger senses than humansand they may start behaving out of character once they sense that you are leaving for a short or long period. They will try to seek your attention by any means necessary, sometimes with destructive intent!


  1. Arrival of a new family member:when a newborn baby or fellow companion is added to the family then pets begin to get jealous as they have a notion that now they will be ignored by their parents. So they may show unwanted behavior to help remind you that they are still superior and you should give them priority.


Do You Know Why Your Pet Is Restless

4. Mating season:female pets come in heat approximately once or twice per year and during that time they may pass discharge inside the house, become restless, wants to go outside of the house, cry at nights, etc. Likewise sensing a female in heat, male pets also show behavioral changes like humping, urinating in the house, aggression and improper appetite due to hormonal imbalances.


 5. Allergic reactions: if your petdevelops an allergic reaction due to vaccinations, feed, an insect bite or grasses/plants, he or she may experience discomfort and will rub their body against different surfaces to scratch and relieve themselves. Allergic reactions can also cause red spots on his face and skin along with swelling. In such a situation talk to your vet immediately.


Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya



March 13, 2018

Breeding and reproduction in cats

Like dogs, female cats also exhibit an oestrous cycle or heat period during which they allow the male cat to mate and breed. Female cats are generally referred to as Queens and male cats as Toms. Queens  are considered to be induced ovulators which means they need some stimulation like mating for the ovulation (release of egg) to occur. Therefore, the chances of a cat getting pregnant increases after successfully mating. Usually it is believed that the queens will have multiple matings before conceiving.


When will your cat start cycling or get her periods?

The queen can enter her first heat as early as 4 to 6 months of age, and she generally has 2 or 3 heat cycles during the breeding season (typically February to October in the northern hemisphere). If she is not bred during the heat period, she may again come into heat within 15 to 30 days and this can keep repeating. This period of repeated heats is called inter-oestrus period. If she is bred during her heat period, there is a higher chance of conception, with the pregnancy lasting approximately 60 days before she delivers kittens.


How will you know that your cat is in heat period?

Your cat will become receptive to males during her heat period and may show some characteristic mating behaviours like:

  • rolling
  • rubbing against objects
  • kneading her back feet
  • yowling repeatedly and loudly

This behaviour can last 3 to 15 days and can repeat in 15 to 30 days if the queen is not bred. If the queen is bred, the cycle ends as her body prepares for pregnancy.

Is your kitty pregnant?

If you believe your female cat is pregnant, consult with your vet who will perform an abdominal palpation to confirm the pregnancy. He or she may also suggest an ultrasound for clarity. To determine the number of offspring your vet may also may advise getting an x-ray around day 50 to 55 days when the foetal bone formation is complete. Signs of pregnancy may include:

  • a large abdomen,
  • increased appetite, and
  • swollen mammary glands that may release milk when squeezed.

During the later stages of pregnancy, the queen seeks a nesting area and places bedding in a quiet, secluded spot.

Queens have an average litter of 4 kittens and, because of the multiple matings from different males, it is very common to have kittens from different sires (fathers) in a single litter. Cats can sometimes show signs of pregnancy even when they are not pregnant which is seen during a pseudopregnancy, or false pregnancy. Hence it is therefore necessary to confirm the pregnancy by a qualified vet.


A healthy pet is a happy pet

Dr. Chandrashekar

March 5, 2018

What is Scaring Your Kitty


Cats have a strong sense of smell and hearing so they can identify any approaching dangers very quickly. Also, they react weirdly to certain stimuli and get freaked out very easily. So cat owners should make changes in their homes if there is a constant irritant disturbing your kitty. Four things which can put your cat under stress include:


  1. Thunderstorms and firecrackers: loud noises can scare cats and they will run for cover under the sofa or bed and may tremble as well. If she’s getting frightened, kindly confine her to a place where the intensity of the noise outside is less audible so she can hide until they die out. Don’t force her to eat or try to entertain her as she may not like it. Also, if you live in thunderstorm prone area, then talk to your vet and inquire about prescription anti-anxiety medications for scary periods. A word of caution: do not give your cat any medications without a vet’s prescription.


  1. Strong odours:a cat’s sense of smell is 14 times stronger than that of a human. Cats do not like strong odors, such as citrus. Also citrus may be toxic to cats so do not spray citrus scented sprays on their bedding, bowls or litter box. Also if you get a pest control spray at home or whitewashing done, then kindly shift your cat to a boarding shelter or a friend’s place for a few days to avoid undue stress.


  1. Cleaning chemicals:cats are sensitive to aerosols and cleaning agents. Some can even cause kitty to  catch a respiratory tract infection. Avoid the use of strong chemicals to clean litter boxes, instead you can use unscented pet-friendly cleaners to protect your cat from experiencing stress.


What is Scaring Your Kitty

 4. Cats and Dogs:dogs top the list for giving cats goosebumps! Cats can get freaked out when they notice unknown dogs or cats wandering into their territory. Scents from dogs or other predatory animals can frighten your cat and she may succumb to stress. High stress levels can even lead to cats attacking one another. So kindly provide them secure environment so that they can live and roam fearlessly.


 5. New pets, new furniture, or new people: cats are easily stressed by even slight changes in their environment. The addition of a new pet to the home or a new human visitor can be a very traumatic event for some cats, causing them to hide for prolonged periods of time, altering their eating and elimination schedules, and changing their access to favorite perches within the house. Sometimes, even slight changes in the house can result in urinary tract problems, increased vomiting, diarrhoea, or inappetance. Be sure to monitor your cat whenever there is a change in the house, no matter how small it may seem to you. A new piece of furniture may even stress some particularly tightly wound cats.



Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya

March 5, 2018



Vaccination protects your pet against several common infectious diseases which may otherwise cause serious illnesses. In many cases these diseases can lead to death if not treated properly and immediately. So vaccination provides an early and effective safety net against potentially harmful pathogens.

What vaccination protocol should you follow for your pet?

Your family vet will be able to advise you on the appropriate vaccination schedule depending on the type of pet, age and the location in which you live (some diseases more prevalent in certain areas). However, it is wise to have some background on the types of vaccines routinely used in pets.


Vaccines for dogs:

These include vaccinations for Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper, Canine Hepatitis, Canine Parainfluenza, Rabies, Kennel Cough, Leptospirosis and others.


Vaccines for cats:

These include vaccinations for Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper), Feline Calicivirus, Feline Herpesvirus type I (Rhinotracheitis) and Rabies.


Is it compulsory to get your pet vaccinated?

Vaccines are not legally required in most cases, though they are highly recommended – since the more animals not vaccinated increase the  chances of diseases spreading. Some diseases like Rabies and Leptospirosis are zoonotic, meaning they can be transmitted from pets to to humans. Therefore vaccinating against these helps provide protection for humans too. And, because of the potential for domesticated pets to transmit a lethal diseases to humans, the Rabies vaccination is mandatory for pets like dogs, cats and ferrets. This is of particular importance to when traveling with pets, whether to different countries or within your home country itself.




Are there any side effects of vaccinations?

Your pet may get a mild fever when they receive the first dose of a vaccine which is a common phenomenon. Apart from this, some dogs and cats may develop localised reactions at the site of injection but this is rare. However, it is advised to consult your vet immediately if you notice any allergic reactions like swelling of face, intense itching (Hives) or lethargy.

Pets never demand anything, but instead provide unconditional love. As pet owners it’s our duty to protect them from potentially harmful bugs. So ongoing vaccination plays an important part in enabling them to live a long, healthy life.


Healthy Pets… Happy Pets…

Dr Chandrashekhar Salimath

March 5, 2018

FIVE reasons why your pet is behaving CRANKY


Is your pet noticeably cranky? Does he or she ignore your commands? Are you having trouble figuring out who’s the actual master – you or your pet?


Every parent loves their fur baby and considers them a part of the family but when they start to behave in a cranky or odd manner, it gets irritating for the owner, especially if you’re unable to figure out the underlying cause. Here are some possible reasons behind this behaviour:


  1. Improper training and socialization:if your pet is not properly trained during during the initial weeks of his or her life, then it’s very likely that they will grow to be an ill-mannered adult who does not respond or listen to your instructions. Also, if the pet is not socialized with people and other pets (from all walks of life), then they may well create a nuisance in public and whenever your friends or relatives are visiting your home.


  1. Lack of exercise:if you do not engross your pet in outdoor playful activities or exercise – like daily walks or running, etc. – then their energy will be channeled in a negative manner and he will become more destructive (chewing and destroying furniture etc.). This is true especially for large and giant dog breeds which need regular exercises. So try to put aside some quality exercise time with your pets and they will become more attached and affectionate towards you.


FIVE reasons why your pet is behaving CRANKY


 3. Kept in confinement: if you are tying your dog with a chain/leash in one corner of the room or locking them in cages most of the day then he will become more aggressive as he feels neglected. Like humans, dogs are also social creatures and if they are not allowed to interact with family members then they will start to destroy household items, bark all day long, and display other antisocial characteristics. They do this purposefully to grab your attention because they feel neglected. To avoid such behaviour, allow your pet plenty of freedom without confining them to one place for too long.


  1. Over pampering makes it worse: loving your pet is no crime but over pampering can make them aggressive and cranky. He will start behaving as a though he is in control and, once he understands that you oblige, then he will likely stop responding to your commands. This can also lead to aggressive (especially dominance related aggression), antisocial behaviour so remember that your dog should always consider you as the master and not vice versa.


FIVE reasons why your pet is behaving CRANKY


 5. Health problems: last but not the least, your pet may well act in a cranky manner if he or she has an underlying health issue. If you notice sudden behavioural changes then it’s a good idea to consult your vet as your pet needs to be examined. This is especially true in a pet whose behavior changes suddenly from a kind and loving family member to an ill-tempered land shark. Pain produces aggression in most animals. Underlying illnesses and pain can exacerbate bad behaviour and some dogs may begin barking and become aggressive towards their owners.


Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya

March 5, 2018

Are FLEAS haunting your fur babies. Get rid of them


Fleas are blood sucking, creepy creatures that live on the blood of your furry friend and are responsible for spreading diseases. Also, they cause an allergic reaction in pets popularly known as flea allergic dermatitis (FAD), signs include intense itching and restlessness. So, it’s best to get rid of these vampires by adopting 5 measures listed below:

  1. Spot-on application: these are like pour-on solutions which are applied superficially at one or two spots on your pet’s skin. They are usually spread over the body with the help of oil glands present in skin and  become effective 72 hours after the application.The protective effect persists for several weeks.


  1. Flea collars: they are like normal collars tied across the neck of the pet and effective in repelling and killing fleas. The effect depends on how severe the infestation is. The collar should be removed at the time of bath if they are not wash proof. Also, check for any allergic reaction like itching, restlessness after putting on the collar and if present, consult a vet. In general, flea collars are an inexpensive, but ineffective means of flea control. For example, they may lose their repellent property relatively quickly (with the exception of a few collars designed for 6-8 month long use), or they may keep the fleas off only the front half of your pet.


  1. Dip solutions:if your pet is having a high flea infestation then dipping solution helps. The solution contains chemicals which can be toxic to your pet and to you as well if not applied as per the instructions given by your vet. So kindly consult a vet before application.


Are FLEAS haunting your fur babies. Get rid of them


4. Flea shampoos: this is cost effective and safer method but offers a shorter protection period. So, to make the effect last longer frequent bathing is advised (once in two weeks) and additionally spot-on or oral anti-flea medications are required. Just a caution, do not use flea shampoos for giving regular baths to pets (in absence of flea infestation) as they tend to dry the skin and make it  flakier.


  1. Pesticide spray:after application of spot-on or flea collars, most of the parasites die but some of them get down from the body of your pet and hide in the cracks and crevices present in your house, where they stay until the effect of flea treatment diminishes on your pet, so that they can again infest them. But to break the life cycle, it’s best to spray pesticides inside your house and also in garden area. Caution, keep the pets away for a period of 48 hours so that they don’t develop harmful effects due to inhalation of pesticides. Also, before doing a pest control at home kindly consult a vet to understand the basic precautions which should be taken. In particular, pregnant women may need to be kept away from pesticide sprays for hours to days after spraying.


Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya

March 5, 2018

you can protect your pets from Diabetes

Cases of canine diabetes are much more common these days and some dogs are predisposed to diabetes, regardless of which preventive measures you take. Still, as a pet parent, it is worth following these tips to keep your pooch happy, healthy and at a lower risk of developing the disease.

  1. Regular walks and exercises:

Active and energetic dogs are less likely to develop Diabetes because exercising and playing around regulates blood sugar levels and hinders weight gain. Dogs need enough exercise to work off the calories they consume, just like people.


  1. Feed premium quality food:

Never compromise on the food you’re feeding your furry friends. Premium quality food is high in protein and low in carbohydrates which again helps to maintain sugar levels within acceptable limits. Conversely, low priced and economy feed is rich in carbohydrates which can lead to weight gain and, in turn, predisposes your dog to diabetes!


  1. Female pets should be sterilized:

Intact females are more at risk of developing diabetes compared to neutered females. Hormonal fluctuations not only predispose your pet to diabetes but other diseases like uterine infections, mammary gland tumours, etc. If you have no intention of breeding your pet, get her spayed to be on the safe side!


  1. Regular vet visits:

When your companion reaches middle age, you should be paying regular visits to your vet (at least every 6 months) because older dogs are prone to developing major illnesses. Early diagnosis is key and will aid management and/or recovery. Also if you notice any changes in your dog’s behaviour, appetite, thirst, or urination consult your vet as it could be a serious issue which needs to be diagnosed and treated accordingly.


you can protect your pets from Diabetes


5. Obese dogs are at risk:

Overfed and fluffy dogs are more prone to develop Diabetes then lean and well maintained dogs. Also, weight control is an important part of disease management should your dog become diabetic. Feed fewer treats and avoid giving them too much “people food”. As a rule of thumb – if you can’t feel their ribs then you’re probably over feeding them.


Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya

March 2, 2018

KENNEL COUGH In Dogs: What You Need to Know

Kennel Cough, also known as Tracheobronchitis, is a contagious respiratory disease that affects dogs just like a cold virus in humans. It is easily transmitted between dogs especially to pups, older or sick dogs yet never to humans. Vaccination for kennel cough is essential for all puppies especially ones that visit places like dog parks, daycares, etc. where there are strong chances of contact with other Canines. The good news!…Kennel Cough rarely causes illness other than coughing which is bothersome to dogs and dog owners.


When should you vaccinate your pet?

Generally speaking vaccination can be performed after the age of 2 months. Though, new dog owners should enquire about vaccine protocols on their first visit to their veterinarian to ensure ongoing protection. If your dog has never been vaccinated against kennel cough and you are a frequent (or infrequent) traveller who leaves your pet at boarding centres, then it is advised that your pet get their vaccination at least 3 weeks prior to your trip.


How does vaccination help?

Immunization doesn’t offer complete immunity from the disease, though it will decrease the severity of illness if acquired. Vaccinated dogs who do develop  kennel cough rarely require medication as they have an immunity to help combat the disease. Kennel cough usually lasts about a week with severe cases lasting months.


KENNEL COUGH In Dogs: What You Need to Know

Which dogs are more prone to develop Kennel Cough?

Short-nosed breeds (brachycephalic) like Pug, Bulldog, Shih Tzu, Chihuahua, etc. are more at risk of developing the disease compared to other breeds. Also immunocompromised dogs with underlying illnesses are more at risk of catching the infection than other dogs.


How is the Kennel Cough vaccine delivered?

Basically, there are 2 routes of immunization: nasal route or via subcutaneous shot. Nasal route requires no booster dose and immunity lasts for a year whereas the latter requires just one booster (a month apart) after the primary immunization.


Healthy pets happy parents!!

Dr. Prachi Kshatriya