KNOW THE BREED: Chihuahua
The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. The breed inherits its
name after the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. They are seen in a wide
variety of colours, and two coat lengths,
✓ the Smooth Coat (shorthaired)
✓ the Long Coat (longhaired)
These are seen in two types of head types,
● apple head"- Apple heads have rounded heads, close-set eyes,
and relatively short ears and legs.
● deer head"- Deer heads have flat-topped heads, more widely
set eyes, large ears, and longer, more slender legs.
What is the height of Chihuahua dog?
Generally, the height of Chihuahua dog ranges between 15 to 23 cm
(6 to 9 inches). However, a maximum of 30 to 38 cm height can be
seen in some cases. Because of this low height, they are regarded as
smallest breed of dog.
How much a Chihuahua weigh?
Ideally, Chihuahua should weigh around 1.8-2.7kg and the average
lifespan for a Chihuahua is between 12 and 20 years.
What are the different colours seen in this breed?
Common colours seen in Chihuahua dogs are fawn, red, cream,
chocolate, brown, mixed, white, and black. No colour or pattern is
considered more valuable than another.
Chihuahuas are victims of "small dog syndrome"…
This is a condition in which owners feel no need to provide the kind
of training and socialization routinely provided for larger dogs,
untrained Chihuahuas suffer the same predictable behavioural
problems as other untrained dogs regardless of the breed. However,
they do well when given appropriate socialization and training.
Poorly socialized Chihuahuas can be easily provoked to attack, and
are therefore considered unsuitable for homes with small and
Chihuahuas love their dens and will often burrow themselves in
pillows, clothes hampers, and blankets. They are often found under
the covers or at the bottom of the bed, deep in the dark and safety
of what they perceive as their den. Chihuahuas also enjoy time in
What are the common health issues of this breed?
Common health issues need to be addressed are,
✓ Dental issues
✓ Breathing problem
✓ Heart problems
✓ Knee cap problem etc.
Dental care includes,
● Daily brushing
● Feeding a dental diet
● Using dental chews
Helps to prevent and control accumulation of early plaque and
tartar. Collapsed trachea is another health concern that is typical of
the Chihuahua breed related to breathing issues. Chihuahuas,
especially the short coat variety, are less tolerant to cold than larger
breeds. These are prone to some heart-related disorders and are also
known for luxating patella (kneecap), a genetic condition that can
occur in all dogs. As in other breeds with large protruding eyes,
Chihuahuas are prone to eye infections or eye injury.
Separation anxiety in Chihuahuas may result in,
● excessive salivating
● destructive chewing or
● howling or whining
Apple head Chihuahuas can have an open fontanel or moleras, a soft
spot in their skulls, and they are the only breed of dog to be born with
an incomplete skull.
A Healthy dog is a happy dog
Dr. Chandrashekhar Salimath